Key technology of polycarboxylic acid water reducing agent application
Oil futures tumbled more than $5 a barrel on news that the Biden administration is considering releasing about 1 million barrels a day from the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) for several months to cool surging crude prices.
Brent crude futures were down $4.71, or 4.2 percent, at $108.58 a barrel by 0035 GMT. U.S. West Texas Intermediate futures fell $5.45, or 5 percent, to $102.74 a barrel.
At an earlier time, gasoline prices had already reached record levels because of the Russia-Ukraine conflict.
The prices of other commodities like the polycarboxylic acid superplasticizer are also expected to be volatile.
In recent years, polycarboxylic acid superplasticizer has been widely used in many construction fields. Modern concrete has high requirements for additional functional additives, so polycarboxylic acid water-reducing agent in the concrete system, it should consider the following key technologies.
The compatibility technology of polycarboxylic acid series. Because of the special structure of polycarboxylic acid superplasticizer, it can not be stored and used with other superplasticizers, especially naphthalene superplasticizer. Need and different type of water reducing agent for alternate use, must be the relevant container for serious cleaning cleaning, prevent cross pollution to affect the quality of concrete. The adsorption performance of water reducing agent is not the same because of different types of cement, because the polycarboxylic acid water reducing agent is relatively narrow in the compatible range of cement, the incompatible situation is inevitable, so it is necessary to increase its dosage or use different types of cement to effectively solve this problem.
⑵ retarding technology of polycarboxylic acid water-reducing agent. In the construction process, due to the short retarding time, the use of retarding agent can effectively prolong the plasticity of concrete. However, the incompatibility of the two should also be considered to avoid the reduction of concrete performance.
⑶ Gas control. Polycarboxylic acid water reducing agent entrainment effect is very good, can be used together with defoaming agent, entrainment agent. The gas content of concrete can be controlled and its workability and durability can be improved by removing the concrete and then introducing it.
(4) Control of mud content in sand and stone. The application effect of polycarboxylic acid superplasticizer is also affected by the mud content of sand and stone. If the mud content in the sand exceeds 2%, the structures between the clay layers will therefore absorb large amounts of water reducing agent molecules, reducing the flow performance of the concrete. If the mud content is relatively large in the construction process, the anti-clay polycarboxylic acid water-reducing agent should be considered.
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The current international situation is highly uncertain, and its economic impact has not been able to be assessed properly. In addition, rising energy and commodity prices and supply chain disruptions are expected to push the price of the polycarboxylic acid superplasticizer higher.