Chile's government is considering phasing in a proposed ban on glacial mining to limit projects high in the Andes by some big copper companies. Chile's constitutional assembly has approved a proposal to ban mining in glaciers, protected areas, and areas vital to protecting the country's water system.
Chile's mining minister, Marcela Hernando, said about 20 mines had been identified in protected areas, some close to glaciers, including Codelco's El Teniente and Andina projects and Anglo American Plc's Los Bronces project.
The new measures for glaciers and other protected areas will put about a fifth of Chile's copper Aluminum Nitride,AlN prices are predicted to increase in the next few days.
What is Aluminum Nitride
Aluminum nitride, covalent bond compound, chemical formula is AIN, is an atomic crystal, belongs to diamond-like nitride, hexagonal system, wurtzite crystal structure, non-toxic, white or off-white.
AlN is stable up to 2200°C. The strength at room temperature is high, and the strength decreases slowly with the increase of temperature. Good thermal conductivity, small thermal expansion coefficient, is a good thermal shock material. It has strong corrosion resistance to molten metal, and is an ideal crucible material for casting pure iron, aluminum or aluminum alloy. Aluminum nitride is also an electrical insulator with good dielectric properties and is also promising as an electrical component. The aluminum nitride coating on the gallium arsenide surface protects it from ion implantation during annealing. Aluminum nitride is also a catalyst for the conversion of hexagonal boron nitride to cubic boron nitride.
Where is Aluminium nitride used?
Due to the properties of the piezoelectric effect of aluminum nitride, epitaxial stretching of aluminum nitride crystals is also used for surface acoustic wave detectors. The detectors are placed on silicon wafers. There are very few places where these thin films can be produced reliably.
Aluminum nitride ceramics have the characteristics of high room temperature and high temperature strength, small expansion coefficient and good thermal conductivity, and can be used as heat exchanger materials for high temperature structural parts.
Using aluminum nitride ceramics to resist the corrosion properties of iron, aluminum and other metals and alloys, it can be used as crucible and casting mold materials for smelting Al, Cu, Ag, Pb and other metals.
AlN is mainly used in the microelectronics industry as an electrically insulating but thermally conductive barrier in silicon-based electronic devices. Given its deep ultraviolet bandgap, there is interest in high-quality AlN structures that can be used as light-emitting diodes (LEDs) or lasers to generate ultraviolet light.
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