Wholesale gas prices in the Netherlands and the UK have risen 20 percent recently amid concerns about Russian supplies.
The EU plans to cut its dependence on Russian gas by two-thirds this year and stop importing Russian fossil fuels by 2027. Russia exported about 155 billion cubic meters of gas to the EU in 2021.
The US recently said it would try to supply 15bn cubic meters of LNG to the EU this year. U.S. LNG plants are running at full capacity, and analysts say much of the extra gas the U.S. sends to Europe comes from what should have been exported elsewhere.
The German government called Russia "an unreliable energy supplier". Even though the German government claimed that they have been preparing for the situation for a long time that Russia may stop sending gas one day, experts say it is hard for the EU to replace all of Russia's gas exports any time soon.
The supply and prices of many foamed concrete will continue to be influenced by international situations.
Foam concrete is prone to cracking during maintenance, mainly caused by unscientific construction and maintenance of the proportioning. Luchuang has a series of solutions. In the years of construction, Luchuang has accurate material proportions for different climatic conditions and different terrains. The construction quality is industry-leading.
Aggregates rarely change during concrete hardening and use unless there is a significant volume change due to heat and cold. Chemical shrinkage, carbonization shrinkage, drying shrinkage, etc., all come from cement slurry. Foam concrete is mainly composed of cement and does not contain aggregates, determining its considerable shrinkage.
The strength development of foamed concrete is relatively slow in the initial curing stage, and its low thermal conductivity makes it difficult for the heat generated by hydration to be discharged to the outside in time, which often leads to a sharp increase in the initial temperature of foamed concrete, resulting in volume expansion. Internal thermal stress and cracks are generated.
The strength of foamed concrete is at a low level (generally not higher than 10MPa) even after it is completely hardened, so any abnormal external mechanical force will also cause its deformation or even cracking and failure. Possible technical approaches to reduce shrinkage and control cracking of foamed concrete.
Based on the above-mentioned analysis of the volume deformation phenomenon and internal causes of concrete in the process of hydration and hardening and use, and the study of the similarities and differences between foam concrete and ordinary structural concrete in terms of composition, structure, and performance, combined with foam concrete preparation and application may appear In this paper, the following possible technical approaches are proposed on how to reduce the shrinkage and control cracking of foamed concrete.
1) Use fast-hardening and low-heating cement as the cementitious material for foam concrete;
2) Add an appropriate amount of fine aggregate, and choose a reasonable mix of cement and sand;
3) Strengthen early maintenance and timely heat dissipation to reduce artificial abnormal external mechanical impact;
4) Introduce appropriate and appropriate expansion components to make up for volume shrinkage; reduce space constraints and increase free deformation components.
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Due to the Russia-Ukraine conflict and the covid-19 pandemic, how will the international situation develop is highly uncertain. It is too difficult to assess its economic impact properly. However, we could see energy prices and commodity prices keep rising and supply chains are disrupted. Therefore, foamed concrete prices are expected to rise in the future.
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