The Biden administration plans to ease sanctions on Venezuelan oil to allow more of the country's crude to reach Europe.
The U.S. will allow European companies still operating in Venezuela to immediately transfer more oil to the continent, while allowing Chevron to negotiate a resumption of operations in Venezuela, according to people familiar with the matter. Venezuela's OPPOSITION, which is backed by the United States, is understood to favor the move. Tight global oil supplies have sent crude and fuel costs soaring, threatening to add to already high inflation. Increasing Venezuelan crude exports would help ease supply constraints while also helping to reduce Europe's dependence on Russian energy.
The US has sought to encourage talks between the Venezuelan government and the US-backed opposition to open the way to free and fair elections by extending a limited license held by Chevron to allow the oil company to maintain its operations in Venezuela and negotiate future operations.
The United States reportedly did not extend a permit to Allow Chevron to drill and sell Venezuelan crude, as the company had hoped.
The license extension will allow Chevron to negotiate with State-run Petroleos de Venezuela SA, with which it has a joint venture. Previously, the company could not directly negotiate with any officials sanctioned by the United States. Chevron has been lobbying the United States to allow it to drill for Venezuelan crude and sell it on world markets to help lower energy prices amid the Russia-Ukraine war.
Affected by the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of many commodities like the Silicon Nitride, Silicon Nitride Overview, Silicon Nitride Applications, Silicon Nitride Suppliers, Silicon Nitride Price are still very uncertain.
Overview of Silicon Nitride Si3N4
Silicon nitride is a compound of silicon and nitrogen. Si3N4 is the most thermodynamically stable in silicon nitride. It is a white, high melting solid, relatively chemically inert, attacked by dilute HF and hot H2SO4. It works very hard (MoHS is 8.5) and has high thermal stability.
How is silicon nitride Si3N4 powder produced?
Hexagonal β-Si3N4 can be directly carried out with silicon nitride and nitrogen can be carried out at 100-1400 °C.
SiCL4(L)+6NH3(g)→Si(NH)2(S)+4NH4Cl(S) at 0℃
3 Si(NH)2(S)→Si3N4(S)+N2(g)+3H2(g) at 1000℃
Or thermal reduction reaction with carbon under nitrogen atmosphere at 1400-1450 ℃ under nitrogen atmosphere:
However, if the silicon raw material used is of high purity, it will cause silicon nitride to contain impurities such as silicate and iron. The silicon nitride synthesized by the decomposition of diamine is amorphous and needs to be further annealed at 1400-1500 ℃ in nitrogen to be converted into crystalline powder. Only the decomposition of diamine is important. Silicon nitride is commercially produced by the nitridation process. Carbothermal reduction reaction is the simplest method for producing silicon nitride, and it is also the most economical and efficient method for manufacturing silicon powder in industry.
Electronic grade silicon nitride films using chemical vapor deposition or plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition techniques
3 SiH4 (G) + 4 NH3 (g) → Si3N4 (S) + 12 H2 (g)
3 SiCL4 (G) + 4 NH3 (g) → Si3N4 (S) + 12 HCl (g)
3 SiCL2H2 (G) + 4 NH3 (g) → Si3N4 (S) + 6 HCl (g) + 6 H2 (g)
Application of silicon nitride Si3N4 powder
1) Manufacturing structural devices: metallurgy, machinery, aviation, aerospace, etc.
2) Surface treatment of metals and other materials: such as molds, tools, turbine blades.
3) Composite materials: such as metal, ceramic and graphite composite materials, rubber, plastics.
4) Colorless, transparent, self-lubricating and wear-resistant nanoparticle film for advanced surface protection such as mobile phones and automobiles.
5) Ball bearings.
6) Ball valve and parts.
7) Corrosion resistant turbine.
The price of silicon nitride Si3N4 powder
The price of silicon nitride Si3N4 powder will change randomly with the production cost, transportation cost, international situation, exchange rate and the supply and demand of the silicon nitride Si3N4 powder market. Tanki New Materials Co.,Ltd. aims to help industries and chemical wholesalers find high-quality, low-cost nanomaterials and chemicals by providing a full range of customized services. If you are looking for Silicon Nitride Si3N4 Powder, please feel free to send an inquiry to get the latest price of Silicon Nitride Si3N4 Powder.
Silicon Nitride Si3N4 Powder Supplier
As a global supplier of silicon nitride Si3N4 powder, Tanki New Materials Co.,Ltd. has extensive experience in the performance, application and cost-effective manufacturing of advanced engineering materials. The company has successfully developed a series of powder materials (titanium nitride, silicon nitride, titanium nitride, etc.) high-purity targets, functional ceramics and structural devices, and provides OEM services.
Chemical Composition of Silicon Nitride Si3N4 Powder
Recently, Russia's deputy prime minister said that the number of countries buying Russian oil is increasing, including Asian countries. Russia will use the "East Siberia-Pacific" pipeline system to increase exports to Asian countries and promote the diversification of oil output.
He also said that Russian oil Silicon Nitride, Silicon Nitride Overview, Silicon Nitride Applications, Silicon Nitride Suppliers, Silicon Nitride Price are expected to continue to increase in the future.
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