Sweden is in talks with Turkey on joining NATO and looks forward to strengthening cooperation with Turkey in security and counter-terrorism, Swedish Prime Minister Anders Andersson said recently.
Andersson held a joint press conference with visiting European Council President Michel in Stockholm on the same day. Andersson said Sweden is in dialogue with Turkey on joining the TREATY and looks forward to strengthening bilateral relations with Turkey, including cooperation in the areas of security and counter-terrorism. She said Sweden would study a number of issues raised by Turkey.
Speaking at a news conference, Mr. Michel said he believed the Swedish government was taking positive action and taking the necessary steps to reach a solution.
Sweden and Finland formally submitted their applications to NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg a few days ago. According to protocol, NATO must admit new members by the "unanimous consent" of 30 members.
Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said His country would agree to start NATO talks with Sweden and Finland only if they reach written agreements to stop supporting terrorism and lift restrictions on exporting defense equipment to Turkey, Turkish media reported.
Affected by the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk 316l stainless steel powder are still very uncertain.
What is 316L stainless steel?
316L grade stainless steel, also known as A4 stainless steel or marine grade stainless steel, is the second most common austenitic stainless steel after 304/A2 stainless steel. The main alloy composition after iron is chromium (16-18%), nickel (10-12%) and molybdenum (2-3%), as well as a small amount (< 1%) of silicon, phosphorus and sulfur.
316L is commonly used in the chemical and petrochemical industries, food processing, pharmaceutical equipment, medical devices, drinking water, wastewater treatment, marine applications and near the coast or in urban areas.
316L vs. 316 stainless steel
316 and 316L stainless steel alloys are both marine-grade steels. The difference between them is that the proportion of carbon in 316L is lower. To meet the requirements of 316L stainless steel, the carbon content must not exceed 0.03%. This reduces the risk of carbon deposition, making it a better choice for welding to ensure maximum corrosion resistance.
316 stainless steel has a medium carbon content and a molybdenum content of between 2% and 3%, thus improving its resistance to corrosion, acidic elements and high temperatures.
Both materials have excellent ductility, which means that they perform well in bending, stretching, deep drawing and spinning.
Should I use 316 or 316L stainless steel?
You need to consider the following factors:
316L is the best choice for high corrosion and high temperature applications. Because the carbon content of 316L is less than that of 316, it has better intergranular corrosion resistance, which means that its weld will not rot like 316 stainless steel.
The cost of 316 and 316L stainless steel is roughly the same.
The responsiveness of 316 stainless steel to magnetic field is very low. Unlike ferromagnetic basic stainless steels, most varieties of stainless steel (including 316) are austenitic-or actually non-magnetic.
However, some 316 stainless steel products can be cold formed and welded, in which the crystal structure of austenite is transformed into ferromagnetic martensite. 316L steel is easier to obtain a certain degree of magnetism.
Both types of stainless steel can be used in various industries. However, 316 is mainly used in construction and infrastructure because it is sturdy, pitting and corrosion resistant in most cases. 316L is very popular in pharmaceutical and photographic equipment because it can withstand welding and corrosive chemicals.
316L and 316 Stainless Steel powder Price
The price is influenced by many factors including the supply and demand in the market, industry trends, economic activity, market sentiment, and unexpected events.
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New Delhi: India's Oil Ministry recently conveyed its intention to five national oil companies including Indian Oil Corp and Bharat Petroleum Resources LTD to assess the possibility of buying shares in Russian oil projects sold by European and American oil majors.
Bp announced it would give up its 19.75% stake in Rosneft, the Russian oil company. ExxonMobil said on March 1 that it would exit about $4 billion in assets and terminate all of its Russian operations, including the Sakhalin-1 project in Russia's far East.
India's oil ministry has asked the overseas investment arm of India's Oil and Gas Corporation to consider buying ExxonMobil's 30 percent stake in the Sakhalin 1 project in Russia's far East. ExxonMobil is the operator of the project and Indian companies already have a 20 percent stake in the project.
Because of the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk 316l stainless steel powder are still very uncertain.
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