What is MAX Phase Material
A shortage of natural gas has hit the food-processing industry, which relies heavily on natural gas, with Germany's sugar industry saying many sugar plants are unable to produce due to a shortage of natural gas.
About 30 percent of the world's sugar supply comes from beets, and the European Union is the world's largest producer of sugar. The beet sugar Ti3AlC2 powder are still very uncertain.
What is a MAX phase material?
The MAX phase material is a natural layered carbonitride inorganic
non-metallic material composed of three elements. It has the electrical and
thermal conductivity of metal, and also has the high strength, high temperature
resistance, corrosion resistance and other harsh environment service
capabilities of structural ceramics. MAX phase materials have gained extensive
attention in the fields of high-temperature lubrication, oxidation-resistant
coatings, accident-tolerant nuclear materials, self-healing composite materials,
and energy materials. MAX phase materials mainly include Ti3AlC2, Ti2AlC,
Ti3SiC2, Ti2SnC, V2AlC, Cr2AlC, Ti2AlN, Nb2AlC, etc.
Transition metal carbides and nitrides, known as Mxenes. MXenes are formed by
selectively etching an elemental MAX phase with metallic conductivity,
connecting layered solids such as Ti2AlC, Ti3AlC2 and Ta4AlC3 through strong
metallic, ionic and covalent bonds. The Mxenes combine with hydroxyl and oxygen
on the surface of transition metal carbides to terminate the metal conductivity.
It is electrically conductive in nature.
What are MAX phase materials used for?
Titanium carbide has the properties of metals and ceramics: it has the same
electrical and thermal conductivity as metals, high elastic modulus and
excellent high temperature mechanical properties similar to ceramics, and also
has good thermal shock resistance and damage resistance. and excellent chemical
resistance. MAX phase ceramics have both the excellent properties of metals and
ceramics, and have great application potential in many high-tech fields such as
aerospace, high-speed rail, and nuclear industry.
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Gas prices in European countries are expected to triple if Russian supplies are restricted, according to a press release from Rystad Energy, a Norwegian Energy consultancy.
The price of natural gas in Europe was $1,200 per 1,000 cubic meters on Tuesday. The benchmark price is already 300 percent higher than a year ago. European gas prices are expected to continue to soar to $3,500 per 1,000 cubic meters if Russian supplies are restricted, according to Analysis by Monitor.
In 2021, Russia delivered 155 billion cubic meters of gas to Europe, accounting for 31 percent of its gas supply, according to an analysis by Monitor Advisors. It would be difficult for Europe to replace Russian gas, which would also destabilize the global LNG market and have a profound impact on Europe's population and economy.
The analysis also said that if Russia stopped supplies now, Europe's current gas reserves would be exhausted by the end of the year, setting in for a cold winter.
In addition, affected by the geopolitical factors, the supply of the Ti3AlC2 powder is erratic and thus its prices are expected to go higher in the future.